HIV is a virus that makes you sick. The virus attacks the special cells that normally protect your body. When it has made you sick and your body is not able to defend itself anymore, people call it AIDS. HIV is transmitted from person to person, via blood or unprotected sex and sometimes from mother to child, if the mother carries the virus. It is not possible to get infected by normal day-to-day contact with people.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for HIV/AIDS yet. However, there are medicines available that are strong enough to help people stay active and live happy lives. Every day, around 1500 children under the age of 15 become infected with HIV. 90% of these children live in the Southern parts of Africa. Children who have HIV/AIDS have a big chance to die. Children with HIV/AIDS or whose parents have HIV/AIDS are often bullied because of it. When people know of their disease, they treat them differently. These children may be sent away from schools, hospitals or other official institutions.
Did you know?
The first International Children’s Peace Prize was awarded to Nkosi Johnson. In his short life Nkosi stood up for children with HIV/AIDS. He fought for them to be accepted by everybody else. Since 2005 KidsRights has been investing in projects that protect these vulnerable children.
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