Gender are all those characteristics that differentiate a boy from a girl. These are not only physical, but also social, like the fact that boys are expected to be cool and strong, while girls should be caring and quite.
Gender equality means that boys and girls have the same rights. There shouldn’t be a difference between what boys get to have or are allowed to do and what girls get or are allowed to do. Of course there are differences between boys and girls, but this does not mean that one gender is better than the other one.
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What is the problem with gender equality? In some cultures and/or religions boys are considered more important than girls. Because of this, boys are better cared for, while girls are being abused, exploited, or simply have fewer opportunities. Let’s look at a few facts about inequalities between boys and girls:
The fact that boys are considered more important than girls can affect many areas of a child’s life: school, health, violence, child labor and child marriages. Since girls are considered less important, they often go to school less often and for fewer years. This means that they can’t get jobs as good as boys. Because in some cultures girls are considered less than boys, people find it okay for boys or men to beat them. Or because some people think that girls are less capable than boys, they have to get married as soon as possible, or otherwise put to work, so that their family don’t have to take care for them anymore.
Why is gender equality important? First of all it is important that everybody knows that boys and girls are equally good. It should not matter whether you are a boy or a girl, since you are entitled to the same opportunities and to the same rights. Equality is necessary for having access to every other children’s right, especially the right to education. The fact that some girls are not given the opportunity to a full development is also a great waste of potential. Maybe, somewhere around the world, there is a girl who could have been an amazing doctor and could have developed a cure against a terrible disease, but instead is now at home doing domestic work.
What can you do for gender equality?