Peace is a state of tranquility and implies the absence of violence and conflicts between people, such as war. Peace means that everyone lives in safety, without fear, and has equal rights under the law. In the absence of peace, all children’s rights are under threat of being violated. In order to have peace, you must first have tolerance and understanding towards all the people around you. Gender equality is also very important for peace; studies have shown a connection between the two.  The United Nations is the main international organization in charge with bringing peace around the world.

  • Children’s rights: None direct, indirectly: art.6, 19, 27, 38 UN CRC. Children have the right to live (art 6), the right to be protected from physical or mental violence (art 19), the right to a standard of living that is adequate for the child’s development (art 27) and the right to be protected and cared for in armed conflict (art 38).
  • Sustainable development goals: SDG 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels


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What is the problem with peace?
Circumstances of war and violence can lead to situations where children are being killed, kidnapped, orphaned, tortured, sexually abused or recruited as soldiers or slaves. Children can also be left without their homes and remain mentally traumatized.
Globally, an estimated 230 million children live in areas affected by armed conflict. According to the Global Peace Index Report 2016, 81 countries in the world became more peaceful as shown by their improving peace indices, but this positive impact was nullified by 79 countries that became less peaceful or were struck by war, terrorism or conflict in 2015.

Why is peace important for children?
Violence and war mostly affect children since children are particularly vulnerable to disasters or changes in their natural or social environment. They are constantly developing and therefore any situation can influence their evolvement in a good or bad manner. For these reasons they have special protection rights under the law since living in a state of peace is essential for a child’s wellbeing in every moment of his life. States are obliged to ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and (normal) development of the child, including in cases where peace is absent. More than this, your state is obliged to protect you from all types of physical and mental violence, injury or abuse (which might occur in situations of war and violence).

What can you do?

  • Reach out to state authorities for protection every time you feel you might be in danger
  • Avoid areas/regions in conflict as much as possible
  • Start at small scale – try to bring peace within your own house and class together with your family and schoolmates by creating tolerance and understanding for everyone in your community
  • Educate your family and friends on peace related issues and speak to them about the importance of peace